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What Are All the Yellow Ribbons For?

yellow-ribbons – By Jack Reece – 

A couple of weeks ago my editor sent me a memo indicating that she had received numerous requests to explain the yellow ribbons in town and asked that I research and publish an explanation.  The short version is that a number of soldiers from the 122nd Engineer Battalion, headquartered in Edgefield, have been deployed in Afghanistan for a number of months now and the yellow ribbons are in recognition of their service and everyone’s desire to have them all home safe and sound as soon as possible.  Edgefield citizens with whom I have talked about the display are quick to credit Mrs. Bill Moody with launching the Afghan Deployment ribbon display.  Joan Moody, with help from Charlotte Cheatham and numerous other Edgefield folks, have provided us with a daily reminder that a large contingent of our local troops are serving side by side in harm’s way.

The expanded version goes like this. The origin of the idea of a yellow ribbon as remembrance may have been the 19th century practice that some women allegedly had of wearing a yellow ribbon in their hair to signify their devotion to a husband or sweetheart serving in the U.S. Cavalry.

            Around her hair she wore a yellow ribbon

            She wore it in the springtime

            In the merry month of May

            And if you ask her why the heck she wore it

            She wore it for her soldier who was far far away

When the United States invaded Iraq in 1991, individual Americans, schools and businesses responded by tying yellow ribbons around trees in their front yards and pinning yellow ribbons to their doors. This American folk tradition dates back at least to the 1950’s, but was rekindled during the Iranian hostage crisis in the early 1980’s, when Americans began tying yellow ribbons en-mass, as a display of solidarity with the hostages. The yellow ribbon saw renewed popularity in the United States during the Gulf War in the early 1990s. It appeared along with the slogan “support our troops”, in the form of yellow ribbons tied to trees, and countless other contexts. It often had the implied meaning of “bring our troops home” from the Desert Shield and Desert Storm troop deployments. It appeared again during the 2003 invasion of Iraq with similar meanings.

So what about the citizen soldiers for whom the Edgefield Yellow Ribbons are displayed?  The 122nd Engineer Battalion was constituted 5 July 1946 and allotted to the South Carolina National Guard as the 122nd Engineer Combat Battalion, an element of the 51st Infantry Division.  Organized and Federally recognized 13 March 1947 from new and existing units in western South Carolina with Headquarters at Edgefield.  The unit was re-designated as the 122d Engineer Battalion 1 February 1953.  The 122d was ordered to active duty 10 February 2003 deploying in support of The War on Terror.  The Valorous Unit Award streamer embroidered AL ANBAR PROVINCE 2003was awarded to the 122d Engineer Battalion.   In 2008 the Battalion reorganized to consist of the Headquarters Company and the Support Company (Companies A, B, and C concurrently reorganized and re-designated as the 1226th Engineer Detachment, the 1227th Engineer Detachment, and the 1221st Engineer Company, respectively. Elements of the 122nd Engineer Battalion are currently deployed in Afghanistan

And what do these Engineers do?  A good example to help one understand the Engineer mission is the exploits of the 291st Engineer Battalion in World War II.  The battalion served in France, Belgium and Germany. It was particularly effective as the engineer unit that primarily caused the delay of the advance elements of the Sixth Panzer Army, especially the Kampfgruppe under command of Joachim Peiper, during the Battle of the Bulge. Individual squads and platoons blew bridges, planted mines, and defended roadblocks in the face of oncoming tank columns, causing further confusion in German plans. Upon seeing another bridge blown up just as his tanks reached it, Peiper is said to have uttered the words, “Those damned engineers! Those damned engineers!” Kampfgruppe Peiper was eventually contained and the Waffen-SS tankers had to abandon their vehicles.

The unclassified news from our Engineers is that they will be back in The United States soon.  Defining soon is not appropriate as of right now but leave it to say the Yellow Ribbons should be coming down in the not too distant future.